Tennessee Politics Old School: Cas Walker


Stubborn one is in the Center

Over the years, Tennessee has had an abundance of colorful, plain spoken and populist politicians.  Few match the legendary Grocer, Cas Walker, in either  outspokenness or longevity.  From 1954-71 thousands of East Tennessee families began their day with the Cas Walker Farm and Home Hour on local Knoxville TV. 

The mixture of music, local politics and shameless self-promotion kept people glued to their sets, as no one was ever sure of exactly what Cas was going to do, even Cas sometimes.

Caswell Orton Walker was born in 1902, just two years after my father. He opened his first Knoxville grocery store in 1924, ending a brief career as a Harlan Kentucky coal miner. Image While Cas dropped out of school at 14, he was a shrewd businessman who always catered to his working class customers.  An early stunt set him apart from other merchants.  Every Saturday, Cas would drop live frying chickens from the roof of his store free to any customer who caught them. Thousands would show up and do their grocery shopping afterwards.  By 1941 Cas Walker had built his business to a successful level that led him to enter politics and that…… is when the fight started.

In 1941 Cas rode his name recognition and popularity with the common folk of Knoxville to an election to City Council.  He carried his shrewd and ruthless business skills to politics.  ImageRoutinely Councilman Walker railed against the “silk stocking” crowd that looked down on his customers; he fought hard against tax increases.  And he was definitely against merging governments in Knox County. 

It is safe to describe Councilman Walker as an “agin’er”  While his strident approach endeared him to common people, it didn’t translate well to city management, as his election to Mayor in 1946 ended with recall less than a year after he fired the city manager.  I’m sure somewhere he made a note to himself that he couldn’t run government like his business.  George Dempster, former ally and city manager fired by Walker once said, “if I ordered a whole carload of SOB’s and they only brought Cas, I’d sign for the shipment.”

By the 1950’s Cas Walker was as strong as ever.  His grocery chain was grossing over $60 million per year, and he’d added a Newspaper, The Watchdog, to promote his opponents and assail his enemies.  Of course the paper was a give away toImage every customer at his supermarkets.  Not all Cas Walker stunts worked out as planned.  In 1956 Life magazine published a picture of Cas Walker throwing a punch at a fellow Councilman after a heated debate on property taxes.  Still he didn’t slow down, only voluntarily retiring from City Council in 1971.

For four decades Cas Walker personified East Tennessee.  I know that will cause a degree of consternation with my more progressive friends, both of them, but it is true.  He grew a business through the Depression, World War II, Korean War, Cold War, Civil Rights, and Vietnam, while still maintaining electability.  Warren G. Harding was President when he came to Knoxville from the coal mines.  Richard Nixon was halfway through his first term when he retired. Moreover, he gave a cultural boost to Tennessee music, launching the careers of Dolly Parton and the Everly Brothers.  He also brought Chet Atkins, Jim Nabors, Roy Clark and countless others to the forefront.  Cas Walker was a Tennessee icon of the 20th Century.  We’ll end with a Dolly Parton performance on Cas Walker’s show in the 1960s.  She first appeared on Farm and Home Hour in 1954 at the age of 10.




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7 Responses to Tennessee Politics Old School: Cas Walker

  1. Pingback: Instapundit » Blog Archive » MEMORIES: Cas Walker and East Tennessee political history….

  2. JP says:

    “George Dempster, former ally and city manager fired by Walker once said, “if I ordered a whole carload of SOB’s and they only brought Cas, I’d sign for the shipment.”

    Mr. Dempster’s spirit, not only Tennessee but our nation needs “a whole carload of SOB’s”, led by the spirit of Cas Walker from our rapid descent into Progressivism. Why hell, we even have a fella’ in D.C. from West Tennessee that’s a member the Congressional Progressive Caucus, name is Cohen.

  3. Pat Hull says:

    Frank, thanks for posting this. Cas one of a kind, and I’m staying out of his parking lot.

  4. dennishowell53 says:

    I grew up in western NC less then 30 miles from Johnson City, TN. By turning the antenna mounted on a tree at the top of the ridge at my grandfather’s house we could get Knoxville TV

    Even though granddaddy was an ornery dyed-in-the-wool yellow dog Roosevelt Democrat (and living in what at the time was the ONLY Republican county in NC) he admired Cas Walker’s stance on property taxes and his way of “settling” the argument. 🙂

  5. GeneH says:

    Thanks for the memories. I grew up in southwestern Virginia, and I remember watching Cas Walker and another local icon, J. Bazzel and Lady Mull every Sunday morning on the Mull Singing Convention.

  6. Lynda Greer says:

    I grew up in Memphis…We didn’t have no weirdos like Cas. So I just moved on up
    to Knoxville. I wrote Boss Crump and told him there’s a fella in Knoxville he might like to know.

    • frankniceley says:

      I haven’t forgotten E.H. Crump. You might be interested to know one of Crump’s early loyalists was N.L. Ford, patriarch of the Ford family. Crump still lingers not only in history, but in present day Memphis politics as well.

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